In 1948 “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights” was created by the United Nations, to provide a global understanding of how to treat all Human beings. This Declaration is inclusive of 30 basic Human Rights drafted by representatives from different cultural and legal backgrounds from all over the world. This document is seen as a milestone in the history of Human Rights and states a common standard of achievements for all people of every nation.
The Declaration recognises the inherent dignity and equality of all humans and that this is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace worldwide. Implementation of these Human Rights may be different from country to country to fit into their culture and legislation, but will still be compatible with the Declaration of Human Rights. Many of these Human Rights are actually simple, everyday things that many people take for granted and also rules that are automatically obeyed because it is common sense. And then on the other side of the coin are the people that do not have even the basics and struggle to survive.
Do you know your rights as a human being?
Even though this document has been around for almost 70 years, not everybody knows their rights and how to act upon it, if need be.
Many of these Rights are already part of the Constitutional laws of democratic nations, and it is punishable when not acknowledged. Individuals may be held accountable, and be convicted, as a result of violating the Human Rights laws, and then brought before a law enforcing tribunal. Sanctions and other measures will be taken against countries not keeping to their treaties and obligations, made with the United Nations.
Included in these rights are the following: All humans are born free and equal and should act in a spirit of brotherhood towards one another. Everybody is entitled to all rights and freedoms set in this Declaration, regardless of their race, colour, sex, language, religion, political views, etc. Everybody has a right to life, liberty and security. No one should be held as a slave. No one should be tortured or undergo degrading treatment or punishment.
Everyone has the right to recognition as a person before the law. All are equal before the law and entitled to equal protection under the law. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy against acts of violation of their human rights, granted them by law. No one should be subjected to wrongful arrest, detentions or exile. Everybody is entitled to a fair and public hearing by an impartial and independent lawful tribunal. Everyone has to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.
Everybody has the right to privacy and the right to freedom of movement, the right to own things, to work and to play. Everyone has the right to their own thoughts and the right to speak them. Everyone is entitled to the right of having responsibilities and we all have a right to a free and fair world.
In exercising these rights and freedoms, everyone shall only be subject to limitations determined by the law for purposes of respecting the rights of others.