I can’t remember, but some have been trying their hardest to convince me that Pearson has nothing to do with anything related to the CCSS and PARCC, as if to somehow placate critique. But when I look at the sample items provided by the PARCC’s own website, I see Pearson’s hands all over everything. You see, permissions for texts, copyrights, cost money. Someone’s going to get paid for usage of their passages and materials. So, just stop trying to blow smoke here.