Know your Rights as a Human Being

In 1948 “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights” was created by the United Nations, to provide a global understanding of how to treat all Human beings.  This Declaration is inclusive of 30 basic Human Rights drafted by representatives from different cultural and legal backgrounds from all over the world.  This document is seen as a milestone in the history of Human Rights and states a common standard of achievements for all people of every nation.

The Declaration recognises the inherent dignity and equality of all humans and that this is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace worldwide.  Implementation of these Human Rights may be different from country to country to fit into their culture and legislation, but will still be compatible with the Declaration of Human Rights.  Many of these Human Rights are actually simple, everyday things that many people take for granted and also rules that are automatically obeyed because it is common sense.  And then on the other side of the coin are the people that do not have even the basics and struggle to survive.

Do you know your rights as a human being?

Even though this document has been around for almost 70 years, not everybody knows their rights and how to act upon it, if need be.

Many of these Rights are already part of the Constitutional laws of democratic nations, and it is punishable when not acknowledged.  Individuals may be held accountable, and be convicted, as a result of violating the Human Rights laws, and then brought before a law enforcing tribunal.  Sanctions and other measures will be taken against countries not keeping to their treaties and obligations, made with the United Nations.

Included in these rights are the following:  All humans are born free and equal and should act in a spirit of brotherhood towards one another.  Everybody is entitled to all rights and freedoms set in this Declaration, regardless of their race, colour, sex, language, religion, political views, etc.  Everybody has a right to life, liberty and security.  No one should be held as a slave.  No one should be tortured or undergo degrading treatment or punishment.

Everyone has the right to recognition as a person before the law.  All are equal before the law and entitled to equal protection under the law.  Everyone has the right to an effective remedy against acts of violation of their human rights, granted them by law.  No one should be subjected to wrongful arrest, detentions or exile.  Everybody is entitled to a fair and public hearing by an impartial and independent lawful tribunal.  Everyone has to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.

Everybody has the right to privacy and the right to freedom of movement, the right to own things, to work and to play.  Everyone has the right to their own thoughts and the right to speak them.  Everyone is entitled to the right of having responsibilities and we all have a right to a free and fair world.

In exercising these rights and freedoms, everyone shall only be subject to limitations determined by the law for purposes of respecting the rights of others.

Human Rights while at Jail

Human Rights are the basic rights and freedoms that all human beings are entitled to.  For example, the right to life and liberty, freedom of speech, expression and thought, civil and political rights, the right to food, etc.

Naturally, going to jail or prison involves the curtailing of a persons’ rights.  That does not mean inmates are without basic human rights.  All persons deprived of their liberty must still be treated with humanity, respect and dignity.  Even hardened criminals’ basic human rights are protected by their country’s Human Rights Constitution.

While awaiting trial, inmates have the right to be housed in suitable, humane facilities and should not be punished or treated as guilty.

The civil rights lawyers at Hutchison & Stoy discuss the rights that convicted inmates should have as described below.

10 Basic Human Rights that prevails even when in jail

  1. All persons, deprived of their freedom, must be treated with humanity and respect, at all times. Even though you are imprisoned, you are still a living human being and should be treated with respect for the inherent dignity of being a human.
  2. No person should be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Torture is any act which causes severe physical or mental pain and suffering and is intentionally inflicted on a person.  Ill-treatment is defined as other acts of cruel, inhuman, degrading actions or punishment that does not amount to torture.
  3. All prisoners have the right to an adequate standard of living. Meaning; they shall have adequate food and drinking water, accommodation, a bed, with bedding, and clothing that fit.  This accommodation should have enough floor space, fresh air, ventilation and heating, as well as effective lighting.  All prisoners should be allowed at least one hour’s exercise outside, in open air, if the weather permits it.  When sharing accommodations, prisoners should be carefully selected and supervised during cell times.
  4. Wholesome and adequate food, at normal eating hours, should be part of an adequate standard of living. Also, clean drinking water whenever it’s needed.
  5. There should be facilities to wash and dry clothing and bedding regularly. This should include needle and thread to keep clothing in a proper, wearable, condition.
  6. A basic requirement is that all prisoners should have free access to health services and any necessary medical treatments. This includes access to a qualified dental practitioner.
  7. Toilet and bathroom facilities must be clean and maintained properly to provide prisoners with a way to meet the call of nature and keeping themselves clean, in a decent manner.
  8. All sentenced prisoners that are medically fit, would be required to work. Prisoners should be remunerated for work done.  The work should teach them skills to earn an honest living when leaving prison.  They should be allowed to spend a portion of their earnings and to send a portion to their family.
  9. Educational and cultural activities shall be provided and encouraged. This should include a library.  Prisoners should be kept up to date in important news happenings.
  10. All prisoners have the right to follow their religion and have access to a minister of that religion.

In conclusion, Basic Human Rights are applicable to everybody, even when your freedom is curtailed and you need to be jailed.

Top 4 human rights violations around the world

Human rights violations are taking place throughout the world all the time. Some of these occur very frequently. Here are the most human rights violations occurrences around the world.

1. Right to freedom of conscience, thought and religion

This right gives a human being the freedom to change his or her religion or belief and worship in their way. But in many countries, people don’t have this right. There have been violent activities between people of different religions. This is very significant in countries like India, Afghanistan, Algeria, Brazil, and many other countries.

2. No one should be a victim of torture or cruelty

In Brazil, torture is a common practice, especially in prisons. Many people protested against the tortures and killings of inmates. This type of treatments occurs in Argentina, Angola, Ethiopia, Iran, South Africa, and many other countries.

3. Prohibition of slavery and slave trade

The LRA guerrilla from northern Uganda has been kidnapping kids for 18 years. Boys are kidnapped to be trained as soldiers and girls as sexual slaves of the commanders. Thousands of children are found in the power of LRA. There is slavery in Saudi Arabia, Myanmar, Albania, Sudan, Turkey, and many other places in the world.

4. Right to freedom of expression and opinion

Everyone has the right to express themselves and give their opinions. They have the freedom to receive, seek or give away information through any media regardless of any form of interference. About 15 journalists were killed for accusing the Russian Army in Chechnya for corruption and abuses. This type of violence is sighted in Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Turkey, etc.

These human rights violations are still prevalent in many countries despite all those movements protesting against them. We all should realize that people have these rights and they should be give the freedom they deserve.

Top 5 heroes of human rights you should know about

For centuries people have been fighting for human rights. There are some heroes who have worked relentlessly to establish human rights in the society. Here are the top five heroes of human rights.

1. Chief Joseph (1840–1904)


He was born at a time when there were many disputes over land treaties. This led to years of injustice from the American military. He became the chief in 1871 and worked hard to stop the violence. He negotiated a deal with the federal government that lets his tribe be on their land. He plead on behalf of his tribe in 1879 to the President Rutherford B. Hayes. He was a great leader and public advocate. He protested against the injustices in policies of the US towards people.

2. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869–1948)


He fought to bring independence to India. He became an inspiration for movements of civil rights, nonviolence, and freedom throughout the world. In 2007, the UN General Assembly declared his birthday as the International Day of Non-Violence.

3. Oskar Schindler (1908–1974)


He was a Nazi party member and an industrialist. During World War II, he risked his life to rescue more than 1,000 Jews form deportation to Auschwitz.

4. Nelson Mandela (1918–2013)


Nelson Mandela was the leader of the anti-apartheid movement and fought to get rid of racism in the country. An international campaign was inspired by his release from prison where he was serving for conspiracy to overthrow the government. He spent 27 years in prison and was released in 1990. He got the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.

5. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–1968)


He was a great leader in the African-American civil rights movement. He is known for his nonviolent demonstrations. He always spoke against injustice. He received the Nobel Peace Prize.

These leaders are great inspirations to today’s generations. Their contribution to human rights will never be forgotten. They will always be remembered for the good cause they fought for all their lives.

4 reasons to support gay marriage

Movements about gay marriage have been going on for years now. The number of gay couples is increasing. Many countries don’t approve of gay marriage. But here are some convincing reasons to support gay marriage.

Married couples live longer

According to different studies, married couples live longer than the singles. Marriage affects about both physical and emotional health. The longer couples stay together, the more benefits they can have. It provides security. Stability in a relationship is related to sound mental and emotional health.

Couples should have the same rights

Two people who are in love must be together. If you go through history, you will find that people have sacrificed even their life for love. If the government doesn’t support gay marriage, then these couples face a lot of difficulties. They cannot inherit the property of their partner after death; they don’t get the right to adopt a child and many other complications.

No good reason for not supporting

Most arguments against gay marriage are based on religious beliefs, and these are not logical. Laws should not be based on the blind faith of a particular segment of society. One other argument against gay marriage is that it is a violation of natural law. But homosexuality exists in more than 15,000 species in the world. Many species participate in recreational love making and not for the purpose of giving birth to a baby.

Most people in American supports gay marriage

If you believe in democracy then you should allow gayy marriage as most Americans support it. More than 50% of people surveyed support the notion of gay marriage.

These are very legitimate reasons for supporting gay marriage. The government of every country should have legislation to support gay marriage.

Infographic by: www.humanism.scot